Up to three days back, the present Indian government has planning to skip the BS-V (Bharat Stage –V) in India for the passenger and commercial vehicles. The ARAI has explained the entire benefits and pitfalls to be faced by the Indian auto industry if skips the BS-V norm in vehicles. Moreover, the agency has recommended the stage-by-stage process in the implementation of emission norms. Finally, the government has convinced itself and decided to implement the BS-V norm in the Indian-made vehicles from 2019.
The BS-V and BS-VI emission norms are to be implemented from 2019 and 2023 respectively for the four wheel vehicles, according to the oil ministry. The Indian government has pushed the states to transform the vehicles from BS-III / BS-IV to BS-VI but, now the total debates on that are to be ended with this new decision. The sources reported that the immediate implementation of the auto industry is conversion of BS-III emission norm to BS-IV.
When doing the research on the total process, the same investments needed for transforming the vehicles either from BS-IV to BSV or BS-IV to BS VI, said by the oil ministry. But, the manufacturers in India opposed this decision and they are not ready to put heavy investments in this process in the shortest period time. Consequently, the heavy industry and the road transport ministries together opposed the skipping of BS-V norm in vehicles.
Last year, the government released the Auto Fuel Vision Policy 2025 that indicates the BS-V emission norm is to be implemented in the period of April 2020 to March 2021 and the BS-VI to be used from the month April, 2024 for all the vehicles. Moreover, the Policy estimated that the investment cost of Rs. 80,000 crore required for transforming the BS-IV norm to BS-V norm. This policy is entirely different to the instant decision taken by the Government.
The Indian government introduced the BS-IV auto fuel in around 13 cities in the industry in 2010. In 2014, the percentages of the transformation of vehicles to BS-IV petrol and BS-IV diesel were 24% and 16%, report from the auto fuel policy. Till now, the 30% of four wheel vehicles in the country transformed to the BS-IV from BS-III and 70% are vehicles continued the BS-III emission norm.
To decrease the amount of air pollutants, the standard Bharat Stage emission norms decided by the government and these are totally based on the European regulations. Most of the upcoming India vehicles are to be implemented by the BS-IV norm. Besides, some of the petrol vehicles have already designed based on the solar energy systems, report from the government.